(Chemical Equation Presented) The most representative securinega alkaloids have been synthesized through a new strategy involving the palladium-catalyzed enantioselective allylation of a cyclic imide, a vinylogous Mannich reaction, and a ring-closing metathesis process, as the key steps. The diastereoselectivity of the vinylogous Mannich reaction was in partial agreement with DFT theoretical calculations performed in a model system. The synthesis of (-)-norsecurine has been accomplished in nine steps from succinimide and 14% overall yield and that of securinine in 10 steps from glutarimide and 20% overall yield. Both syntheses compare favorably with those previously described. The three key transformations have been performed in a synthetically useful scale (more than 500 mg). Moreover, since the enantioselectivity was originated by a chiral phosphine ligand, the antipode of which is readily available, the same route is expected to give access to (+)-norsecurinine and virosecurinine. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
|Journal||Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Sep 2009|