Emotional theory of mind in eating disorders

Cristina Medina-Pradas, J. Blas Navarro, Eva M. Álvarez-Moya, Antoni Grau, Jordi E. Obiols

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The general aim of this ex post facto study was to investigate the emotional component of theory of mind (eToM) in a sample of 97 female patients with eating disorders (ED), considering all the diagnostic subtypes. Empirical research on this matter in ED is limited, specially focused on anorexia nervosa (AN), and results have been contradictory. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes test was administered to the patients and to 39 healthy controls. The emotional valence of the items was also examined. Patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and ED-not otherwise specified (EDNOS) showed a poorer eToM ability compared to controls, especially in relation to positive emotions and non-emotional cognitive states. AN patients showed no differences in relation to controls. These results suggest that BN and EDNOS may show a specific pattern of difficulties inferring complex emotions, while AN patients would have no relevant difficulties in this regard. These deficits may need to be targeted in psychological treatment. © International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-202
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012

Keywords

  • Anorexia
  • Bulimia
  • Ex post facto study
  • Social cognition
  • Theory of mind

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