Emotion regulation as a transdiagnostic factor in eating disorders and gambling disorder: Treatment outcome implications

Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Lucero Munguía, Roser Granero, Anahi Gaspar-Pérez, Neus Solé-Morata, Isabel Sánchez, Jéssica Sánchez-González, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Background: A first approach addressed to ascertain whether emotion regulation (ER) could be a transdiagnostic construct between eating disorders (EDs) and gambling disorder (GD) (through a joint clinical clustering analysis of both disorders) was performed by Munguía et al. (2021). Both conditions were represented by a severe, moderate, and low ER profile subgroups, according to the degree of ER difficulties. Results showed a linear relationship between the severity of ER difficulties and the severity of the disorder and the psychopathological state.

Aims: Based on the aforementioned cross-sectional study, the objective of this longitudinal research was to explore the treatment response of the different ER subgroups.

Methods: 459 adult patients (n = 277 ED; n = 182 GD) were included. Several clinical variables, as well as outcome indicators (after completing 16 weeks of cognitive-behavioral therapy), were evaluated.

Results: The three subgroups found in the previous cross-sectional study were taken for the performance of the present research. ED and GD distribution in each subgroup replicates the one exposed by Munguía et al. (2021), as well as their characterization, considering psychopathology, disorder severity and personality traits. The low ER subgroup reported a better response to treatment, whereas the severe group had the highest rates of non-remission and dropouts.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that greater difficulties in ER lead to poorer treatment outcomes. Therefore, tailored treatments for patients with poor ER abilities would be recommended to improve adherence and treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Behavioral Addictions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022


  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emotional Regulation
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis
  • Gambling/psychology
  • Humans
  • Treatment Outcome


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