Emergence of Bordetella holmesii as a causative agent of whooping cough, Barcelona, Spain
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© 2017, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All rights reserved. We describe the detection of Bordetella holmesii as a cause of whooping cough in Spain. Prevalence was 3.9% in 2015, doubling to 8.8% in 2016. This emergence raises concern regarding the contribution of B. holmesii to the reemergence of whooping cough and the effectiveness of the pertussis vaccine.