EMDR beyond PTSD: A systematic literature review

Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L. Amann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Valiente-Gómez, Moreno-Alcázar, Treen, Cedrón, Colom, Pérez and Amann. Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain. Methods: Using PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus, we conducted a systematic literature search of RCT studies published up to December 2016 that used EMDR therapy in the mentioned psychiatric conditions. Results: RCT are still scarce in these comorbid conditions but the available evidence suggests that EMDR therapy improves trauma-associated symptoms and has a minor effect on the primary disorders by reaching partial symptomatic improvement. Conclusions: EMDR therapy could be a useful psychotherapy to treat trauma-associated symptoms in patients with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Preliminary evidence also suggests that EMDR therapy might be useful to improve psychotic or affective symptoms and could be an add-on treatment in chronic pain conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1668
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sept 2017

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Chronic pain
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
  • Psychosis
  • PTSD
  • RCT
  • Unipolar depression

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