Embryonic and fetal development of the collared peccary (Pecari tajacu)

Pedro Mayor, Gessiane Pereira da Silva, Rafael dos Santos de Andrade, Frederico Ozanan Barros Monteiro, Hani Rocha El Bizri

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2 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The relative timing of the main fetal development events in species determine the extent of fetal development at birth, which range along a gradient of having altricial and precocial traits. The results from this study allow for description of important fetal developments in collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) using data from 118 embryo/fetuses from 68 pregnant peccaries obtained over a period of 15 years through collaborative methods with local hunters in the Amazon. The chronological order of emergence of external characteristics in relation to the total dorsal length (TDL) was: differentiated genitalia, limbs and eyelid buds (TDL ≥ 4.5 cm), fusioned eyelids and outer ear (TDL ≥ 5.6 cm), dorsal gland (TDL ≥ 7.3 cm), skin (TDL ≥ 9.2 cm), tactile pelage (TDL ≥ 12.9 cm), coverage pelage (TDL ≥ 17.0 cm), opened eyelids (TDL ≥ 21.5 cm) and tooth eruption (TDL ≥ 24.5 cm). The formula of fetal age was ∛W = 0.079 (t – 27.6), with a linear relationship between TDL and gestational age. The relative weight of tubular gastrointestinal organs, lungs, spleen and thymus increased during fetal development. In contrast, the relative weight of kidneys and liver consistently decreased during the fetal development period. Results of this study indicate the collared peccary is a precocial species and that changes during fetal development are very similar to those in other Suiform species.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106123
JournalAnimal Reproduction Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • Amazon
  • Collared peccary
  • Gestational development
  • Peccaries
  • Reproduction


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