Research on clustering and enterprise embeddedness in developed countries has been concemed mainly with econornic activity in metropolitan areas. However, enterprise development and long-terrn econornic growth also occurs away from these urban areas, in rural districts, based on the activities of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the local area inter- and extra-fitm networks of businesses in the non-metropolitan and rural dishicts in Spain that have been econornically successful in the past decade, and to identify the role of embeddedness and innovation in shaping that success. Elements of the embeddedness model of local growth are clearly evident in these regions, and the overview presented in this chapter draws together and develops a critique of the evidence on the creation and success of inter-firrn network structures in these non-metropolitan regions of Spain.
|Original language||American English|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|