Elucidating the Effects of the Lipids Regulators Fibrates and Statins on the Health Status of Finfish Species : A Review

Lluís Tort Bardolet, Manuel Blonç, Jennifer Lima, Joan Carles Balasch Alemany, Carlos Gravato, Mariana Teles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The most documented fibrates are gemfibrozil, clofibrate and bezafibrate, while for statins, the majority of the published literature focuses on atorvastatin and simvastatin. The present work reviews previously published research concerning the effects of these hypocholesterolaemic pharmaceuticals on fish, with a particular focus on commercially important species, commonly produced by the European aquaculture industry, specifically in recirculated aquaculture systems (RAS). Overall, results suggest that both acute and chronic exposures to lipid-lowering compounds may have adverse effects on fish, disrupting their capacity to excrete exogenous substances, as well as both lipid metabolism and homeostasis, causing severe ontogenetic and endocrinological abnormalities, leading to hampered reproductive success (e.g., gametogenesis, fecundity), and skeletal or muscular malformations, having serious repercussions on fish health and welfare. Nonetheless, the available literature focusing on the effects of statins or fibrates on commonly farmed fish is still limited, and further research is required to understand the implications of this matter on aquaculture production, global food security and, ultimately, human health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number792
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2023


  • Lipid-lowering agents
  • Fibrates
  • Statins
  • Fish
  • Gemfibrozil
  • Atorvastatin


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