Objectives: To add a prospective view of retirement to the existing research in career transition based on retrospective data. Methods : Using a grounded theory approach, 18 active athletes were interviewed and the data were content analysed. Results: Three different stages related to athletes' view of retirement were conceptualised: (a) initiation/training stage; (b) maturity performance stage; and (c) anticipation of retirement stage. Our data suggest that active elite athletes gradually build an image of retirement from competitive sports during his/her sporting carrer. Conclusions: Systematic prospective studies on retirement contribute to a better picture of career transitions in sports and can assist in counselling top-level athletes. In our work, we have outlined that retirement is seen as much less problematic when it is planned as a process rather than an event. In the case of Spanish elite athletes, we would recommend that retirement from sport be viewed as a relocation in sport. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Content analyisis
- Grounded theory
- Olympic athletes
- Qualitative approach
Torregrosa, M., Boixadós, M., Valiente, L., & Cruz, J. (2004). Elite athletes' image of retirement: The way to relocation in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5, 35-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00052-3