© 2015 Elsevier B.V. The counting of CD4+ T lymphocytes is a clinical parameter used for AIDS diagnosis and follow-up. As this disease is particularly prevalent in developing countries, simple and affordable CD4 cell counting methods are urgently needed in resource-limited settings. This paper describes an electrochemical magneto-actuated biosensor for CD4 count in whole blood. The CD4+ T lymphocytes were isolated, preconcentrated and labeled from 100μL of whole blood by immunomagnetic separation with magnetic particles modified with antiCD3 antibodies. The captured cells were labeled with a biotinylated antiCD4 antibody, followed by the reaction with the electrochemical reporter streptavidin-peroxidase conjugate. The limit of detection for the CD4 counting magneto-actuated biosensor in whole blood was as low as 44cellsμL-1 while the logistic range was found to be from 89 to 912cellsμL-1, which spans the whole medical interest range for CD4 counts in AIDS patients. The electrochemical detection together with the immunomagnetic separation confers high sensitivity, resulting in a rapid, inexpensive, robust, user-friendly method for CD4 counting. This approach is a promising alternative for the costly standard flow cytometry and suitable as diagnostic tool at decentralized practitioner sites in low resource settings, especially in less developed countries.
|Journal||Biosensors and Bioelectronics|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Dec 2015|
- CD4 counting
- CD4<sup>+</sup> T lymphocyte
- Electrochemical biosensor
- Immunomagnetic separation
- Magnetic particle