Electrochemical Genosensing of Overexpressed GAPDH Transcripts in Breast Cancer Exosomes

Arnau Pallares-Rusiñol, Silio Lima Moura, Mercè Martí, Maria Isabel Pividori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Exosomes are receiving highlighted attention as new biomarkers for the detection of cancer since they are profusely
released by tumor cells in different biological fluids. In this paper, the exosomes are preconcentrated from the serum by
immunomagnetic separation (IMS) based on a CD326 receptor as a specific epithelial cancer-related biomarker and detected by
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) transcripts. Following the lysis of the captured exosomes, the released
GAPDH transcripts are amplified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a double-tagging set of primers
on poly(dT)-modified-MPs to increase the sensitivity. The double-tagged amplicon is then quantified by electrochemical
genosensing. The IMS/double-tagging RT-PCR/electrochemical genosensing approach is first demonstrated for the sensitive
detection of exosomes derived from MCF7 breast cancer cells and compared with CTCs in terms of the analytical performance,
showing an LOD of 4 × 102 exosomes μL−1
. The genosensor was applied to human samples by immunocapturing the exosomes directly from serum from breast cancer patients and showed a higher electrochemical signal (3.3-fold, p < 0.05), when compared with healthy controls, suggesting an overexpression of GAPDH on serum-derived exosomes from breast cancer patients. The detection of GAPDH transcripts is performed from only 1.0 mL of human serum using specific magnetic particles, improving the analytical simplification and avoiding
ultracentrifugation steps, demonstrating to be a promising strategy for minimal invasive liquid biopsy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2487-2495
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number4
Early online date22 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2023


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Breast Neoplasms/genetics
  • Exosomes/genetics
  • Female
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/genetics
  • Humans
  • Immunomagnetic Separation


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