Electrochemical genosensing based on rigid carbon composites. A review

M. Isabel Pividori, Salvador Alegret

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The development of novel and sensitive assays for DNA hybridization and detection has become an increasingly important research field. The design and fabrication of DNA-modified surfaces and materials that are reproducible, stable, and selective to complementary DNA sequences are the main goal in the development of emerging analytical tools such as DNA chips or user-friendly diagnostic devices for detecting a few DNA sequences such as electrochemical genosensors. Carbon-based materials are widely used for this task due to their electrochemical, physical, and mechanical properties; their commercial availability; and their compatibility with modern microchip fabrication technology. Various approaches for electrochemical DNA determination are reviewed, in which the common element is the use of rigid carbon composite material as the electrochemical transducer. A stable DNA layer can be easily obtained by physical adsorption of DNA on graphite-epoxy composite (GEC). Moreover, a universal affinity platform for electrochemical genosensing can be easily achieved by modifying the graphite-epoxy composite with avidin to obtain an avidin biocomposite (Av-GEB) whereon biotinylated DNA can be rapidly single-point attached. Additionally, DNA-modified magnetic beads are easily attached to magneto graphite-epoxy composite (m-GEC). The main strategies for electrochemical genosensing when using rigid carbon composites such as electrochemical transducer are discussed. Parameters such as ease of preparation, robustness, sensitivity, surface regeneration, costs, and transfer to mass production of these different DNA detection strategies are also considered. Copyright © Taylor & Francis, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2541-2565
JournalAnalytical Letters
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005


  • Amperometric genosensors
  • Avidin biocomposite
  • DNA
  • DNA biosensor
  • Enzyme-label electrochemical genosensor
  • Graphite-epoxy composite
  • Hybridization genosensor
  • Label-free electrochemical genosensor
  • Magnetic beads


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