Efficient leaf ion partitioning, an overriding condition for abscisic acid-controlled stomatal and leaf growth responses to NaCl salinization in two legumes

John V. Sibole, Catalina Cabot, Charlotte Poschenrieder, Juan Barceló

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67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two tree medics contrasting in salt tolerance, Medicago arborea and Medicago citrina, were compared to evaluate the relative importance of abscisic acid on leaf growth and stomatal responses to salt stress. Plants were grown for 30 d in solution culture with 1, 50, 100 or 200 mM NaCl. Salinized plants of M. citrina had lower Na+ and Cl- uptake and maintained better leaf growth than M. arborea. In M. citrina, stomatal conductance was only slightly affected by salt and, in consequence, the salt treatment had no significant influence, neither on the CO2 fixation rate nor the transpiration rate in these plants. Moreover, leaf photosynthetic pigments and soluble protein in M. citrina were increased by the presence of NaCl, while a decrease of both parameters with salt was found in M. arborea. However, leaf and xylem ABA increased only in salt-treated M. citrina, while no differences were found among treatments in M. arborea. The role of ion compartmentation, gas exchange parameters and ABA concentrations in relation to salt tolerance in M. arborea and M. citrina is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2111-2119
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Abscisic acid
  • Chloride compartmentation
  • Leaf growth
  • Medicago arborea
  • Medicago citrina
  • Salinity
  • Sodium compartmentation
  • Stomatal closure

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