Background New direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have shown great efficacy and tolerability in clinical trials and real-life cohorts. However, data are scarce regarding efficacy and safety in cirrhotic HCV/HIV-coinfected patients. Methods A multicentre prospective analysis was performed in 13 Spanish hospitals, including all cirrhotic HCV/HIV-coinfected patients starting DAA combinations from January to December 2015. Sustained virological response 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12) was analysed. Withdrawal due to toxicity and/or hepatic decompensation and change in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) after HCV treatment were evaluated. Results Patients (n = 170) were mostly male (n = 125; 74.3%) with the following HCV genotype (Gt) distribution: Gt-1a, 68 (40%); Gt-1b, 21 (12.4%); Gt-4, 47 (27.6%); and Gt-3, 26 (15.3%). Baseline median LSM was 20.6 kPa (IQR 16.1-33.7) and log10 HCV-RNA 6.1 IU/mL (IQR 5.7-6.5). Most patients had a Child-Pugh class A score (n = 127; 74.7%) and 28 (16.5%) had prior hepatic decompensation. There were 89 (52.4%) pretreated patients with 40.4% (n = 36) of null responders. Preferred regimens were as follows: sofosbuvir/ledipasvir + ribavirin, 43 (25.3%) patients; sofosbuvir + simeprevir + ribavirin, 34 (20%); sofosbuvir/ledipasvir, 26 (15.3%) and sofosbuvir + daclatasvir + ribavirin, 25 (14.7%). Overall SVR12 was 92.9% (158/170), without differences between genotypes. Pretreated patients had lower SVR12 rates compared with naive (88.8% versus 97.5%; P = 0.026). Treatment failures were as follows: 7 (4.1%) relapses; 2 (1.2%) lost to follow-up; 1 (0.6%) toxicity-related discontinuation; 1 (0.6%) hepatic decompensation; and 1 (0.6%) viral breakthrough. On-treatment hepatic decompensation was recorded in four (2.4%) patients (encephalopathy and ascites, two each). Paired LSM in 33 patients showed a decrease of 5.6 kPa (95% CI 1.8-9.2; P = 0.004). Conclusions In our cohort of cirrhotic HCV/HIV-coinfected patients, DAAs were highly safe and efficacious. Viral eradication was associated with a significant decrease in liver stiffness.
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2017|