Effects of fishing on parasitism in a sparid fish: Contrasts between two areas of the Western Mediterranean

Douniazed Marzoug, Zitouni Boutiba, Aneta Kostadinova, Ana Pérez-del-Olmo

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study addressed the impacts of fishing on the rates of parasitism using the sparid Boops boops as a model fish species. Using a large suite of parasite species in B. boops, with different life histories, transmission pathways and host specificity, we compared parasite diversity, prevalence, abundance and community structure at two Mediterranean localities in the Balearic Sea, Santa Pola Bay and the Gulf of Oran, that are characterised by a contrasting pattern of fishing of B. boops. A total of 360 fish were examined comprising nine distinct samples collected during the warm and the cold weather months. A total of 29 parasite species were identified, with eight species in common for the two localities. Parasite component communities at Santa Pola Bay were more species rich and abundant than those at the Gulf of Oran and exhibited a different community structure. Of the eight common taxa used in the quantitative comparisons, five exhibited significant difference for prevalence between the two localities, four having substantially higher prevalence at Santa Pola and only one being more prevalent at the Gulf of Oran. Two specialist trematodes and the sparid generalist monogenean exhibited consistently higher prevalence and abundance at Santa Pola Bay than at the Gulf of Oran; the two specialists were also identified as key species for assigning individual fish to their locality of origin. The consistent differences in the richness, abundance and structure of parasite communities in B. boops from Santa Pola Bay and the Gulf of Oran may reflect the contrasting patterns of exploitation of the populations of this fish host at the two localities. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-420
JournalParasitology International
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Abundance
  • Boops boops
  • Fishing
  • Gulf of Oran
  • Mediterranean
  • Parasite communities
  • Richness
  • Santa Pola Bay

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