Effects of climate change on leaf litter decomposition across post-fire plant regenerative groups

S. Saura-Mas, M. Estiarte, J. Peñuelas, F. Lloret

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decomposition is a determining factor for the functioning of ecosystems because litter dynamics (litter fall and litter decomposition) constitute a key process in the regulation of the recycling of carbon and nutrients. We studied the litter decomposition properties of a set of 19 Mediterranean-basin woody species with different post-fire regenerative strategies (resprouters and non-resprouters), under experimental climate manipulation (simulating warming and drought) over a 2-year period. We show that climate change modifies litter decomposition of these Mediterranean woody species as litter contributions to the soil (g/year) were lower under drought experimental conditions. Species with different post-fire regeneration performance showed different leaf decomposition patterns, though these patterns were influenced by the taxonomical affiliation of the species. As expected, the mass loss of the non-resprouter litter, after 2 years, was higher than in resprouters. Non-resprouters showed higher nutrient concentration per mass of leaf litter after 2 years of experiment than resprouters, possibly because they have lost more C-rich biomass, allowing high nutrients concentration in the remaining litter. That would apply particularly to P as litter N:P ratio was lower in non-resprouters than in resprouters. This study suggests that, in Mediterranean ecosystems, nutrients' return from leaf litter to the soil will be slower under the projected future drier conditions. Furthermore, changes in fire regimes that lead to modifications in the abundance of post-fire regenerative groups are likely to affect ecosystem's functional properties. Thus, if new fire regimes enhance non-resprouters' abundance, we can expect a greater return of organic matter contributions to the soil and a lower litter N:P. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-282
JournalEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Decomposition rate
  • Drought
  • Leaf litter
  • Mediterranean type-ecosystems
  • Resprouting
  • Warming

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