© 2015 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. Objectives: To assess the efficacy of an exercise program on a whole-body vibration platform (WBV) in improving body balance and muscle performance and preventing falls in institutionalized elderly people. Design/Setting/Participants: A multicentre randomized parallel assessor-blinded clinical trial was conducted in elderly persons living in nursing homes. Interventions: Participants were randomized to an exercise program performed either on a whole body vibratory platform (WBV plus exercise group) or on a stationary surface (exercise group). The exercise program for both groups consisted of static and dynamic exercises (balance and strength training over a 6-week training period of 3 sessions per week). The frequency applied on the vibratory platform was 30 to 35Hz and amplitude was 2 to 4mm. Measurements: The primary outcome measurement was static/dynamic body balance. Secondary outcomes were muscle strength and number of falls. Efficacy was analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis and per protocol. The effects of the intervention were evaluated using the t test, Mann-Whitney test, or chi-square test, depending on the type of outcome. Follow-up measurements were collected 6weeks and 6months after randomization. Results: A total of 159 participants from 10 centers were included: 81 in the WBV plus exercise group and 78 in the control group. Mean age was 82years, and 67.29% were women. The Tinetti test score showed a significant overall improvement in both groups (P<.001). No significant differences were found between groups at week 6 (P=890) or month 6 (P=718). The Timed Up and Go test did not improve (P=599) in either group over time, and no significant differences were found between groups at week 6 (P=757) or month 6 (P=959). Muscle performance results from the 5 Sit-To-Stand tests improved significantly across time (P=001), but no statistically significant differences were found between groups at week 6 (P=709) or month 6 (P=841). A total of 57 falls (35.8%) were recorded during the follow-up period, with no differences between groups (P=406). Conclusion: Exercise program on a vibratory platform provides benefits similar to those with exercise program on a stationary surface in relation to body balance, gait, functional mobility, and muscle strength in institutionalized elderly people. Longer studies in larger samples are needed to assess falls.
|Journal||Journal of the American Medical Directors Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2015|
- Institutionalized older people
- Muscle performance
- Whole-body vibration