Effectiveness of an intervention designed to optimize statins use: A primary prevention randomized clinical trial

Mireia Fàbregas, Irene Berges, Francesc Fina, Eduardo Hermosilla, Ermengol Coma, Leonardo Méndez, Manuel Medina, Sebastià Calero, Elena Serrano, Rosa Morros, Mònica Monteagudo, Bonaventura Bolíbar

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Abstract

Background: Although hypercholesterolemia is considered a cardiovascular risk factor, in isolation it is not necessarily sufficient cause for a cardiovascular event. To improve event prediction, cardiovascular risk calculators have been developed; the REGICOR calculator has been validated for use in our population. The objective of this project is to develop an intervention with general practitioners (GPs) and evaluate its impact on prescription adequacy of cholesterol-lowering drugs in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and in controlling the costs associated with this disease. Methods. This nonblinded, cluster-randomized clinical trial analyzes data from primary care electronic medical records (ECAP) and other databases. Inclusion criteria are patients aged 35 to 74 years with no known cardiovascular disease and a new prescription for cholesterol-lowering drugs during the 2-year study period. Dependent variables include the following: RETIRA, defined as new cholesterol-lowering drugs initiated during the year preceding the intervention, considered inadequate, and withdrawn during the study period; EVITA, defined as new cholesterol-lowering drugs initiated during the study period and considered inadequate; COST, defined as the total cost of inadequate new treatments prescribed; and REGISTER, defined as the recording of cardiovascular risk factors. Independent variables include the GP's quality-of-care indicators and randomly assigned study group (intervention vs control), patient demographics, and clinical variables. Aggregated descriptive analysis will be done at the GP level and multilevel analysis will be performed to estimate the intervention effect, adjusted for individual and GP variables. Discussion. The study objective is to generate evidence about the effectiveness of implementing feedback information programs directed to GPs in the context of Primary Care. The goal is to improve the prescription adequacy of lipid-lowering therapies for primary prevention. © 2014 Fàbregas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalBMC Family Practice
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Clinical practice guidelines
  • Clinical trial
  • Electronic health records
  • Lipid-lowering therapy
  • Prescription adequacy
  • Prescriptions
  • Primary health care
  • Primary prevention

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