Effectiveness of a multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking capacity and functionality after a stroke

Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat Carles Serdà Ferrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index). The program consisted on: aerobic exercise; task oriented exercises; balance and postural tonic activities; and stretching. Participants also followed a program of progressive ambulation at home. They were evaluated at baseline, postintervention and at the end of a 6-month follow- up period. After the intervention there were significant improvements in all outcomes measures that were maintained 6 months later. Comfortable and fast walking speed increased an average of 0.16 and 0.40 m/sec, respectively. The walking distance in the 6-min walking test increased an average of 59.8 m. At the end of the intervention, participants had achieved independent ambulation both indoors and outdoors. In ADLs, 40% were independent at baseline vs. 64% at the end of the intervention. Our study demonstrates that a multimodal exercise rehabilitation program adapted to stroke survivors has benefits on walking speed, walking ability and independence in ADLs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-675
JournalJournal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Stroke rehabilitation
  • Walking speed

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