Effective thermal conductivity of rectangular nanowires based on phonon hydrodynamics

M. Calvo-Schwarzwälder, M. G. Hennessy, P. Torres, T. G. Myers, F. X. Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A mathematical model is presented for thermal transport in nanowires with rectangular cross sections. Expressions for the effective thermal conductivity of the nanowire across a range of temperatures and cross-sectional aspect ratios are obtained by solving the Guyer–Krumhansl hydrodynamic equation for the thermal flux with a slip boundary condition. Our results show that square nanowires transport thermal energy more efficiently than rectangular nanowires due to optimal separation between the boundaries. However, circular nanowires are found to be even more efficient than square nanowires due to the lack of corners in the cross section, which locally reduce the thermal flux and inhibit the conduction of heat. By using a temperature-dependent slip coefficient, we show that the model is able to accurately capture experimental data of the effective thermal conductivity obtained from Si nanowires, demonstrating that phonon hydrodynamics is a powerful framework that can be applied to nanosystems even at room temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1128
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Guyer-Krumhansl
  • Heat transfer
  • Nanotechnology
  • Phonon hydrodynamics
  • Thermal conductivity

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