An effective non-equilibrium temperature is defined for (locally) polarized and dense turbulent superfluid vortex bundles, related to the average energy of the excitations (Kelvin waves) of vortex lines. In the quadratic approximation of the excitation energy in terms of the wave amplitude A, a previously known scaling relation between amplitude and wavelength k of Kelvin waves in polarized bundles, namely A∞k-1/2, follows from the homogeneity of the effective temperature. This result is analogous to that of the well-known equipartition result in equilibrium systems. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Oct 2011|
- Non-equilibrium temperature
- Non-equilibrium thermodynamics
- Scaling laws
- Turbulent superfluids