Effect of the degree of maturation of mouse oocytes at fertilization: A source of chromosome imbalance

J. Badenas, J. Santaló, J. M. Calafell, A. M. Estop, J. Egozcue

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    It has been suggested that the abnormal maturation of the human oocyte during fertilization in vitro may result in chromosome imbalance and, induce embryonic loss. Using a mouse model, we have studied the influence of the degree of oocyte maturation (either immaturity or overmaturity) on the chromosome characteristics of embryos at the first‐cleavage division. Immature oocytes were obtained 2–3 h or 3–4 h before the expected ovulation time (b.o.). Overmaturation was induced by aging the newly ovulated oocytes in vitro for 3,6, and 12 h. Our results show a significant decrease in the fertilization rate in the immature groups (65.53% at 2–3 h b.o. and 16.59% at 3–4 h b.o. vs. 78.22% at control) and after 12 h of in vitro aging (69.39%), while a significant increase of this parameter was found at 3 h of aging (82.59%) as compared to the other groups. No significant differences were found in the occurrence of aneup'.oidy or hypcrhaploidy in embryos obtained from immature, newly ovulated, and overmature oocytes. Finally, an increased incidence of polyploidy was detected in immature, 2–3 h b.o. (31.20%), and overmature, 3 h (23.04%) and 6 h (31.61%), groups as compared to the control group (14.59%). Copyright © 1989 Alan R. Liss, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)205-218
    JournalGamete Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989


    • chromosome abnormalities
    • immature oocytes
    • in vitro fertilization
    • oocyte aging
    • oocyte maturation


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