Effect of the addition of glutathione and glucose to the culture medium on embryo development of IVM-IVF prepubertal goat oocytes

Aixa Urdaneta, Ana Raquel Jiménez, Dolors Izquierdo, María Teresa Paramio

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our previous studies have shown that larger and more competent oocytes can be selected using the brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) test. The objective of this study was to assess, in BCB-selected oocytes, the effect on the embryo development of prepubertal goat oocytes of the addition to in vitro culture (IVC) medium of either glutathione (GSH) alone or GSH in combination with glucose. Oocytes were exposed to 26 mM BCB and were classified as: oocytes with a blue cytoplasm or grown oocytes (BCB+) and oocytes without blue cytoplasm or growing oocytes (BCB-). Oocytes were matured in TCM-199 with 100 μM cysteamine. Presumptive zygotes were cultured in synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) in the presence or absence of 1 mM glutathione (experiment 1) for 7 days (8 days post-insemination, p.i.). In experiment 2 we tested the addition to culture of 2.78 mM glucose at day 5 p.i. BCB+ oocytes showed higher percentages of nuclear maturation than the BCB- and control groups (82.6%, 55.7% and 74.7%, respectively). The percentage of polyspermic oocytes was higher in BCB- than BCB+ oocytes. Supplementation of SOF medium with 1 mM GSH did not affect embryo development but the percentage of total embryos developed after culture was higher in BCB+ oocytes than in BCB- oocytes independently of the GSH supplementation. Glucose, alone or with GSH, added at 5 days p.i. did not affect embryo development. In conclusion, prepubertal goat oocytes were unable to develop beyond the 8-cell stage embryo under the culture conditions in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
JournalZygote
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003

Keywords

  • GSH
  • Glucose
  • Goat
  • IVF
  • Prepubertal

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