Effect of rendering on protein and fat quality of animal by-products

E. Pérez-Calvo, C. Castrillo, M. D. Baucells, J. A. Guada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work studies the effect of rendering on quality of meat and bone meals (MBM) processed in two Spanish rendering plants according to the standard procedure recommended by 96/499/EC Directive for MBM category III. Twelve samples of raw animal by-products and their corresponding meals were analysed for chemical composition, amino acids (AA) content, FDNB-reactive lysine content, pepsin digestibility, protein dispersibility index (PDI) and fatty acids (FA) content. There was a high variation in MBM composition between and within plants, mainly in the ash and fat content. Rendering caused a decrease in the total (p < 0.05) and the essential (p < 0.01) AA content (in crude protein basis) in both plants, because of a decrease in lysine (p < 0.001), methionine (p < 0.05), threonine (p < 0.01), leucine (p < 0.01), valine (p < 0.01) and phenylalanine (p < 0.01). Besides, there was a reduction in the cystine (p < 0.001), serine (p < 0.01) and aspartic acid (p < 0.01) content. The FDNB-reactive lysine to total lysine ratio and pepsin digestibility only decreased (p < 0.001) in the plant with more severe treatment conditions, whereas the PDI increased (p < 0.05) by the process in both plants. The saturated to unsaturated FA ratio increase on average from 0.73 to 0.88 after rendering, because of the decrease in both linoleic and linolenic acids content and the increase in palmitic and stearic acids content. The results indicate that rendering has negative effects on protein and fat quality of MBM. Variability between and within plants is attributed to differences in raw material, processing conditions and fat removing efficiency. Therefore, a continuous monitoring is recommended to assure the quality of each batch before use. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Animal by-products
  • Fat quality
  • Protein value
  • Rendering

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