Differential scanning calorimetry has been used to characterize the influence of specific nucleotide binding on the thermal unfolding of the F0F1-type ATP synthase from the thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF0F1). The calorimetric trace shows an irreversible and kinetically controlled endothermic transition for TF0F1 in the absence of nucleotides. The thermal denaturation occurs at a transition temperature (t(m)) of 81.7°C. The remarkable thermostability of this enzyme was decreased upon tight binding of Mg2+ · ATP to noncatalytic sites, whereas binding of Mg2+ · ADP increased the temperature at which thermal denaturation occurred. At high temperatures, an exothermic transition due to aggregation processes was also affected by nucleotide binding. With the aim to correlate these thermal effects with possible structural differences among the various forms of TF0F1, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was carried out. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange was clearly affected by specific nucleotide occupancy. As illustrated by the total extent of protons exchanged, our results demonstrate that more peptide groups are exposed to the medium in the presence of Mg2+ · ATP than in the presence of Mg2+ · ADP. Therefore, consistent with microcalorimetric data, binding of Mg2+ · ADP induces conformational changes which shield amide protons to more buried hydrogen-bonded structures, whereas binding of Mg2+ · ATP results in a more open or flexible structure.
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1997|
- Bacillus PS3
- Differential scanning calorimetry
- F F ATP synthase 0 1
- Infrared spectroscopy