Statins are prescribed to reduce posttransplant dyslipidemia, which is frequent among kidney graft recipients. Their efficacy to reduce cholesterol levels has been accompanied by pleiotropic effects. Proteomics is the study of the expressed complement of proteins in tissues or biological fluids. It includes the identification of changes in proteins that occur in various states, eg, after drug administration. Our study objectives were: (1) to analyze the effect of atorvastatin (10 mg/d) on lipid profile, renal function, proteinuria, and inflammation parameters, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), and (2) to use proteomics to ascertain whether this treatment modified the patients' urinary peptide profiles seeking to understand the molecular actions of the drug. Urinary peptide profiles, lipids, renal function parameters (creatinine clearance), proteinuria, and CRP were determined in 39 patients at baseline and at 12 weeks after atorvastatin treatment (10 mg/d). The peptide fraction of each sample acquired using magnetic beads was analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Our results showed that treatment with atorvastatin produced a significant reduction in lipid profile, but did not modify renal function (creatinine clearance), proteinuria, or CRP. The proteomic study showed that statin treatment did not produce significant changes in the urinary peptidome, although there was a tendency for some peptides to increase or decrease after the treatment. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2009|