Effect of increasing amounts of a linoleic-rich dietary fat on the fat composition of four pig breeds. Part I: Backfat fatty acid evolution

J. V. Pascual, M. Rafecas, M. A. Canela, J. Boatella, R. Bou, M. D. Baucells, R. Codony

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four diets prepared, respectively, with 0%, 2%, 4% and 8% of a high-linoleic added fat were administered (76 days of treatment) to a sample of 112 pigs of four breeds (Landrace, Large White, Duroc and a crossbreed Landrace × Duroc). The effects of diet and breed on the evolution of the fatty acid composition of backfat were examined by taking biopsies. Over time, a continuous increase in stearic, palmitic and oleic acids throughout the pig's life was observed. Oleic acid showed the smallest differences among the four diets at the end of the experiment, while stearic and palmitic acid showed higher differences according to the increase in the percentage of dietary fat. Stearic acid showed the highest rate of increase over time, according to the increasing intake of linoleic acid (diets 1-4). These increases were compensated by a decrease in linoleic acid, although this decrease tended to stabilize according to a higher percentage of added fat and also, for diet 4 (8% fat), an increase in linoleic acid was observed at the end of the experiment. Among the minor fatty acids, arachidonic acid showed a clear decrease over time, although higher levels at the end of the experiment were observed for diets including 4% and 8% of added fat, compared to the other two diets including lower amounts of linoleic acid. Moreover, a significant effect was observed for the factor breed. So, Duroc pigs showed the highest rate of deposit of linoleic acid and the lowest of stearic acid, while the other three breeds showed similar rates. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-548
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Backfat biopsy
  • Breed
  • Dietary fat
  • Fatty acids
  • Linoleic acid intake
  • Pig

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