Effect of improving glycemic control on low-density lipoprotein particle size in type 2 diabetes

Ana María Wägner, Oscar Jorba, Mercedes Rigla, Rosa Bonet, Alberto De Leiva, Jordi Ordóñez-Llanos, Antonio Pérez

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study sought to assess the effect of improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes on the components of diabetic dyslipidemia, especially low-denisty lipoprotein (LDL) size. A total of 33 type 2 diabetic patients (48.5% women, age 59.6 ± 11.1 years, body mass index [BMI] 28.9 ± 4.9, diabetes duration 6 [0 to 40] years, 40.7% on insulin) were seen at the hospital because of poor glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] 10.33% ± 1.89%). Triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol (LDLc, Friedewald/ultracentrifugation), high-density lipoprotein HDL-cholesterol (HDLc, direct method), apolipoproteins Al (apoAl) and B (apoB) (immunoturbidimetry), and LDL size (gradient gel electrophoresis) were measured at baseline and after improvement in glycemic control (decrease ≥ 1 percentage point in HbA1c and final HbA1c ≤ 8%). Improvement in glycemic control (HbA1c 7.01% ± 0.63%, P < .0005 v baseline) after a follow-up of 3.5 (range, 1 to 13) months resulted in a significant reduction in LDLc (3.34 ± 1.02 v 3.62 ± 1.15 mmol/L, P < .05) and apoB (1.07 ± 0.25 v 1.17 ± 0.29 g/L, P < .01) and an increase in HDLc (1.21 ± 0.32 v 1.13 ± 0.34 mmol/L, P < .05) and apoAl (1.36 ± 0.24 v 1.27 ± 0.24 mmol/L, P < 0.01) in the whole group, and an increase in LDL particle size (25.61 ± 0.53 v 25.10 ± 0.31 nm, P < .005) in the 14 patients showing LDL phenotype B at baseline. No significant changes were seen in body weight or BMI. We conclude that improvement of glycemic control in type 2 diabetes improves most of the components of diabetic dyslipidemia, including a shift towards larger LDL particles in subjects with phenotype B. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1576-1578
JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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