Effect of fragility on quality of life in patients with heart failure

Paloma Gastelurrutia, Josep Lupón, Salvador Altimir, Marta De Antonio, Beatriz González, Roser Cabanes, Lucía Cano, Agustín Urrutia, Mar Domingo, Elisabet Zamora, Crisanto Díez, Ramon Coll, Antoni Bayes-Genis

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Heart failure (HF) is a chronic disease that frequently causes quality of life (QoL) impairment. We aimed to evaluate whether fragility affects QoL perception in outpatients with HF across age strata. The Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLWHFQ) was used to assess QoL, and fragility was defined according to basic standardized geriatric scales. Predefined criteria for such scales were scores of Barthel index <90, Older Americans' Resources and Services scale <10 in women and <6 in men, and Pfeiffer test >3 (±1 depending on educational grade) and ≥1 positive depression response on the abbreviated Geriatric Depression Scale. We evaluated 1,405 consecutive outpatients with HF (27.8% women, median age 69 years [twenty-fifth to seventy-fifth percentiles: 59 to 76 years]). Fragility, defined as at least 1 abnormal evaluation, was detected in 621 patients (44.2%). A positive depression response on the abbreviated Geriatric Depression Scale was the most prevalent (31.2%) component of fragility. We found a strong correlation between MLWHFQ score and the presence of fragility and all fragility components (all p <0.001). These associations prevailed in both younger (<75 years) and older patients (≥75 years; all p values <0.001 except for Pfeiffer test in younger patients [p = 0.007]). In multivariate regression analysis, QoL remained significantly associated with fragility after adjustment for age, gender, etiology of HF, left ventricular ejection fraction, New York Heart Association functional class, co-morbidities, and HF treatment, in both younger and older patients (p <0.001). In conclusion, MLWHFQ, a specific HF QoL questionnaire, is significantly influenced by fragility regardless of age. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1785-1789
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013


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