Effect of Feeding Highly Cis-Monounsaturated, Trans, or n-3 Fats on Lipid Composition of Muscle and Adipose Tissue of Pigs

R. Fontanillas, A. Barroeta, M. D. Baucells, R. Codony

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    34 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effects of feeding various fat sources on contents of trans fatty acids (TFA) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and on cholesterol incorporation in muscle and adipose pork tissue were studied. Thirty castrated pigs, divided into three experimental groups receiving the same basal diet with a different 4% supplement of fat - hydrogenated oil (H), linseed oil (L), and pomace oil (O) - were slaughtered at 95 ± 2.16 kg. No differences were observed in production performance and in carcass and meat characteristics. The pattern of dietary fatty acids was reflected in muscle and adipose tissues. In backfat, animals fed H had the highest TFA contents. Animals fed O had the highest MUFA contents. Animals fed L had the highest levels of n-3, greater contents of C20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid) and C22:5n-3, and lower levels of arachidomc acid (C20:4n-6). Dietary treatment did not affect cholesterol concentration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3070-3075
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Volume45
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1997

    Keywords

    • cis MUFA
    • n-3 PUFA
    • Pig carcass
    • Trans fatty acid

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