Effect of comprehensive smoke-free legislation on asthma and coronary disease trends in Spanish primary care patients

Yolanda Rando-Matos, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Joana Ripoll, Joan Llobera, Julio Morán, Josep Lluís Ballvé-Moreno, Concepció Violán, Bonaventura Bolíbar

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    © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved. Background To examine the impact of comprehensive smoke-free legislation (SFL) (Law 42/2010) on the incidence and prevalence of adult asthma and coronary disease in primary health care (PHC) patients from three Spanish regions, overall and stratified by sex. Methods Longitudinal observational study conducted between 2007 and 2013 in the population over 15 years of age assigned to 66 PHC teams in Catalonia, Navarre and the Balearic Islands. Crude rates and age-standardized (truncated: asthma ≥ 16 years and coronary disease ≥ 35 years) incidence and prevalence rates using the direct method based on the European Standard Population were estimated based on data from PHC electronic health records. Joinpoint analysis was used to analyse the trends of age-standardized incidence and prevalence rates. Trends were expressed as annual percentage change and average annual percent change (AAPC). Results The standardized asthma incidence rate showed a non-significant downward trend and the standardized prevalence rates rose significantly in the three regions. Standardized coronary disease incidence and prevalence rates were considerably higher for men than for women in all regions. The standardized coronary disease incidence rates in Catalonia (AAPC: '8.00%, 95% CI: '10.46; '5.47) and Navarre (AAPC: '3.66%, 95% CI: '4.95;-2.35) showed a significant downward trend from 2007 to 2013, overall and by sex. The standardized coronary disease prevalence trend rate increased significantly in the whole period in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, although a non-significant downward trend was observed from 2010 in Catalonia. Conclusion No changes in the trends of adult asthma and coronary disease in PHC Spanish patients were detected after the introduction of comprehensive SFL.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)553-559
    JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018


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