The influence of chlorine levels, the concentration of dissolved organic carbon and the abundance of bacteria in suspension, on the formation of biofilms on experimental glass surfaces were evaluated. Twelve reactors, packed with glass spheres, were continuously perfused with tap water. The properties of water were altered in different ways: chlorine was neutralized by the addition of thiosulfate, the levels of assimilable organic carbon were increased through the addition of acetate, and the bacterial load was modified by means of the continuous inoculation of a growing active culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Continuous addition of bacteria to water containing 0.5 mg/l of free chlorine, did not result in the formation of detectable biofilms even after one month. When bacteria were added simultaneously with thiosulfate as a chlorine neutralizer, a community of attached bacteria appeared in less than 24 hours. Addition of acetate with the presence of 0.5 mg/l of chlorine did not stimulate the formation of biofilms. On the contrary, neutralization of chlorine with thiosulfate allowed the formation of biofilms with 106 cfu/cm2 in about two weeks.
|Journal||Journal of Basic Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Nov 2002|