Effect of anisotropy on the critical antiferromagnet thickness in exchange-biased bilayers

M. S. Lund, W. A. Macedo, Kai Liu, J. Nogués, Ivan K. Schuller, C. Leighton

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Abstract

The dependence of exchange bias on antiferromagnet thickness has been measured in FeF 2 /Fe and MnF 2 /Fe bilayers. The two fluoride systems have identical crystal structures, similar lattice constants, but anisotropy fields that differ by a factor of 20. Hence, by comparing the antiferromagnetic layer thickness dependence of the exchange bias in the two systems we are able to directly establish the effect of the antiferromagnet anisotropy. We find that the critical antiferromagnet thickness for the onset of exchange biasing is an order of magnitude smaller for the more anisotropic fluoride, confirming the often-used assumption that the anisotropy dictates the critical thickness. By measuring the temperature dependence of the exchange bias and the structural morphology of the layers we are able to prove that the effects we observe are not due to the blocking-temperature thickness dependence or the onset of discontinuity in thin antiferromagnet layers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number054422
Pages (from-to)544221-544227
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2002

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    Lund, M. S., Macedo, W. A., Liu, K., Nogués, J., Schuller, I. K., & Leighton, C. (2002). Effect of anisotropy on the critical antiferromagnet thickness in exchange-biased bilayers. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 66(5), 544221-544227. [054422]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.66.054422