Education of the postprandial experience by a sensory-cognitive intervention

T. Pribic, H. Vilaseca, A. Nieto, L. Hernandez, C. Malagelada, A. Accarino, J. Roca, F. Azpiroz

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: Ingestion of a meal induces homeostasis-related sensations (satiety/fullness) that have a hedonic dimension (satisfaction/mood). We have previously shown that a previous physiological intervention, a meal preload, influences the responses to a subsequent meal, specifically: it increases satiety/fullness and decreases satisfaction. We now wished to determine the differential effects of education on the homeostatic and hedonic postprandial experience. Methods: Randomized, parallel study comparing the effect of real vs sham education on the responses to a probe meal. In two groups of healthy subjects (n = 14 each), homeostatic (satiety, fullness) and hedonic sensations (digestive well-being, mood) in response to a probe meal (250 mL soup, 25 g bread) were measured on 2 separate days before and after a single sensory-cognitive educational intervention (taste recognition test of supra- and sub-threshold tastands for real and sham education, respectively). Key Results: Before education, in both groups the probe meal induced homeostatic sensations (satiety, fullness) with a positive hedonic dimension (increased digestive well-being and mood). In contrast to sham education, real education enhanced both homeostatic and hedonic responses to the probe meal (P <.05 vs sham education for all). Conclusions and Inferences: Education modifies the subjects′ receptiveness and influences the responses to a meal, not only the hedonic postprandial experience, but also homeostatic sensations. Since homeostatic and hedonic responses are dissociable, education might be tailored to target different conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13197
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • appetite
  • education
  • hedonic response
  • meal ingestion
  • postprandial sensations
  • taste recognition test

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    Pribic, T., Vilaseca, H., Nieto, A., Hernandez, L., Malagelada, C., Accarino, A., Roca, J., & Azpiroz, F. (2018). Education of the postprandial experience by a sensory-cognitive intervention. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 30(2), [e13197]. https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13197