Ecological conflicts and valuation: Mangroves versus shrimps in the late 1990s

J. Martinez-Alier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shrimp are harvested in two different ways. They are fished in the sea (sometimes to the cost of turtles) or they are 'farmed' in ponds in coastal areas. Such aquaculture is increasing around the world as shrimp become a valuable item of world trade. Mangrove forests are sacrificed for commercial shrimp farming. The author considers the conflict between mangrove conservation and shrimp exports in different countries. Who has title to the mangroves, who wins and who loses in this tragedy of enclosures? Which languages of valuation are used by different actors in order to compare the increase in shrimp exports and the losses in livelihoods and in environmental services? The economic valuation of damages is only one of the possible languages of valuation which are relevant in practice. Who has the power to impose a particular language of valuation?.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-728
JournalEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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