© 2018 The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Background: Oral switch to linezolid is a promising alternative to standard parenteral therapy (SPT) in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of all adult cases of SAB between 2013 and 2017 in a Spanish university hospital. We compared the efficacy, safety, and length of hospital stay of patients receiving SPT and those where SPT was switched to oral linezolid between days 3 and 9 of treatment until completion. We excluded complicated SAB and osteoarticular infections. A k-nearest neighbor algorithm was used for propensity score matching with a 2:1 ratio. Results: After propensity score matching, we included 45 patients from the linezolid group and 90 patients from the SPT group. Leading SAB sources were catheter related (49.6%), unknown origin (20.0%), and skin and soft tissue (17.0%). We observed no difference in 90-day relapse between the linezolid group and the SPT group (2.2% vs 4.4% respectively; P =. 87). No statistically significant difference was observed in 30-day all-cause mortality between the linezolid group and the SPT group (2.2% vs 13.3%; P =. 08). The median length of hospital stay after onset was 8 days in the linezolid group and 19 days in the SPT group (P <. 01). No drug-related events leading to discontinuation were noted in the linezolid group. Conclusions: Treatment of SAB in selected low-risk patients with an oral switch to linezolid between days 3 and 9 of treatment until completion yielded similar clinical outcomes as SPT, allowing earlier discharge from the hospital.
- low-risk patients
- oral switch
- S. aureus
Willekens, R., Puig-Asensio, M., Ruiz-Camps, I., Larrosa, M. N., González-López, J. J., Rodríguez-Pardo, D., Fernández-Hidalgo, N., Pigrau, C., & Almirante, B. (2019). Early Oral Switch to Linezolid for Low-risk Patients with Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infections: A Propensity-matched Cohort Study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 69, 381-387. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy916