Early Holocene Occupations at Ashash Rock Shelter (Zemmur, Western Sahara)

Ferran Borrell, Gabriel Alcalde, Ignacio Clemente, Maria Saña, Joaquim Soler, Narcís Soler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2018 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. The archaeological record of the Western Sahara remains extremely fragmentary, with very few sites systematically excavated. The excavation at Ashash rock shelter (Zemmur region) has provided, for the first time in the region, the evidence of superimposition of two prehistoric occupations that have been radiocarbon dated to the early 9th millennium cal. BP and to the mid-7th millennium cal. BP. The Epipalaeolithic occupation is strongly marked by the standardised production of geometric microliths and points using a microburin blow technique. The Neolithic occupation of the site has yielded a few potsherds that provide the first unambiguous evidence of pottery in the Zemmur area in the mid-7th millennium cal. BP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-103
JournalJournal of African Archaeology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Epipalaeolithic
  • lithic technology
  • microburin technique
  • Neolithic
  • Neolithic pottery
  • Western Sahara

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