Early diagnosis of candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients

J. Ibàñez-Nolla, M. Nolla-Salas, M. A. León, F. García, J. Marrugat, G. Soria, R. M. Díaz, J. M. Torres-Rodríguez

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To determine a method for the early diagnosis of candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically in patients in order to reduce mortality. Methods. A prospective study in non-neutropenic critically patients in whom Candida spp. were detected, was made in an intensive care unit (ICU) during an 8-year period from 3389 patients admitted. A diagnostic and therapeutic protocol was designed. Invasive candidiasis was defined according to dissemination and multifocality. Results. Candida spp. were found in 145 cases (4,3%): 120 (83%) were considered as invasive candidiasis and 25 as colonisation (17%). The hospital mortality was 46% (67/145). A post-mortem study was carried out in 54% (36/67) of hospital deaths. Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated species (87%), followed by Candida glabrata (18%). There were 24 candidemias and three cases of endophtalmitis. Digestive and respiratory samples and non-C. albicans yeasts were risk factors for invasive candidiasis. The mortality rate was related statistically to invasive candidiasis and inversely to the appropriate antifungal treatment. Conclusions. Invasive candidiasis is related to digestive and respiratory samples and to the presence of non-C. albicans species. A simpler definition of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients will permit more rapid and accurate specific antifungal therapy. © 2003 The British Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Invasive candidiasis
  • Mortality
  • Multifocal candidiasis
  • Non-Candida albicans
  • Non-neutropenic

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