Dynamics of Torque teno sus virus 1 (TTSuV1) and 2 (TTSuV2) DNA loads in serum of healthy and postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) affected pigs

D. Nieto, M. Aramouni, L. Grau-Roma, J. Segalés, T. Kekarainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Torque teno viruses (TTVs) are vertebrate infecting, small viruses with circular single stranded DNA, classified in the Anelloviridae family. In pigs, two different TTV species have been described so far, Torque teno sus virus 1 (TTSuV1) and 2 (TTSuV2). TTSuVs have lately been linked to postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). In the present study, TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 prevalence and DNA loads in longitudinally collected serum samples of healthy and PMWS affected pigs from Spanish conventional, multi-site farms were analyzed. Serum samples were taken at 1, 3, 7, 11 and around 15 weeks of age (age of PMWS outbreak) and viral DNA loads determined by quantitative PCR. For both TTSuV species, percentage of viremic pigs increased progressively over time, with the highest prevalence in animals of about 15 weeks of age. TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 viral DNA loads in healthy and TTSuV1 loads in PMWS affected animals increased until 11 weeks of age declining afterwards. On the contrary, TTSuV2 DNA loads in PMWS affected pigs increased throughout the sampling period. It seems that TTSuV species differ in the in vivo infection dynamics in PMWS affected animals. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume152
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Anelloviridae
  • Infection dynamics
  • Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)
  • Torque teno sus virus 1 (TTSuV1)
  • Torque teno sus virus 2 (TTSuV2)

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