The lateral surface of the right frontal lobe has a relevant role in modulating behavioral responses to aversive stimuli and may significantly influence pain experience. Imaging studies suggest that this modulatory role is multifaceted, but no studies have assessed the regional specialization of this cortex on the basis of its response dynamics during pain processing. We aimed to investigate functional specialization within the right lateral frontal cortex using a dynamic fMRI approach. Brain responses to a mechanical painful stimulus and a preceding anticipatory cue (auditory tone) were assessed in 25 healthy subjects. Functional data were decomposed into 15 sequential activation maps covering the full anticipation-painful stimulation cycle using a finite impulse response (FIR) analysis approach. Movie sequences showing the temporal evolution of brain activation illustrate the findings. A region involving premotor-prefrontal cortices was activated soon after the anticipatory cue and showed a significant correlation with both anterior cingulate cortex activation and subjective pain ratings. The frontal operculum also showed a significant anticipatory response, but the most robust activation followed painful stimulation onset and was strongly correlated with insula activation. The anterior prefrontal cortex showed full activation during late painful stimulation and was negatively correlated with pain unpleasantness. In conclusion, different elements within the right lateral frontal cortex showed distinct activation dynamics in response to painful stimulation, which would suggest relevant regional specialization during pain processing. These findings are congruent with the broad functional role of the right frontal cortex and its influence on crucial aspects of human behavior. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 15 Apr 2010|