Dust Radiative Transfer Modeling of the Infrared Ring around the Magnetar SGR 1900+14

G. Natale, N. Rea, D. Lazzati, R. Perna, D. F. Torres, J. M. Girart

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    Abstract

    © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. A peculiar infrared ring-like structure was discovered by Spitzer around the strongly magnetized neutron star SGR 1900+14. This infrared (IR) structure was suggested to be due to a dust-free cavity, produced by the Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters (SGRs) Giant Flare occurring in 1998, and kept illuminated by surrounding stars. Using a 3D dust radiative transfer code, we aimed to reproduce the emission morphology and the integrated emission flux of this structure assuming different spatial distributions and densities for the dust, and different positions for the illuminating stars. We found that a dust-free ellipsoidal cavity can reproduce the shape, flux, and spectrum of the ring-like IR emission, provided that the illuminating stars are inside the cavity and that the interstellar medium has high gas density (n H ∼ 1000 cm-3). We further constrain the emitting region to have a sharp inner boundary and to be significantly extended in the radial direction, possibly even just a cavity in a smooth molecular cloud. We discuss possible scenarios for the formation of the dustless cavity and the particular geometry that allows it to be IR-bright.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number9
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume837
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

    Keywords

    • dust, extinction
    • radiative transfer
    • stars: individual (SGR 1900+14)
    • stars: neutron
    • X-rays: stars

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    Natale, G., Rea, N., Lazzati, D., Perna, R., Torres, D. F., & Girart, J. M. (2017). Dust Radiative Transfer Modeling of the Infrared Ring around the Magnetar SGR 1900+14. Astrophysical Journal, 837(1), [9]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa5c82