© 2016 British Society for Immunology We evaluated the transcriptional expression of dual-specificity protein phosphatase 23 (DUSP23) in CD4+ T cells from 30 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and 30 healthy controls. DUSP23 mRNA levels were considerably higher in the patient group: 1490 ± 1713 versus 294·1 ± 204·2. No association was found between DUSP23 mRNA expression and the presence of typical serological and clinical parameters associated with SLE. Meaningful statistical values were obtained in the patient group between the levels of DUSP23 and integrin subunit alpha L (ITGAL), perforin 1 (PRF1) and CD40L. Similarly, transcript levels of different DNA methylation-related enzymes [DNA methylation-related enzymes (DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, MBD2, and MBD4)] were also correlated positively with the expression of DUSP23. In an attempt to counteract the hypomethylation status of the promoters of certain genes known to be over-expressed in SLE, it is possible that DUSP23 acts as a negative regulatory mechanism which ultimately silences the transcription of these epigenetically regulated genes by triggering an increase in the expression of different DNMTs.
- DNMTs, DUSP23