Duality Games and Operational Duality Relations

Emilio Bagan, John Calsamiglia, János A. Bergou, Mark Hillery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 American Physical Society. We give operational meaning to wave-particle duality in terms of discrimination games. Duality arises as a constraint on the probability of winning these games. The games are played with the aid of an n-port interferometer, and involve 3 parties, Alice and Bob, who cooperate, and the House, who supervises the game. In one game called ways they attempt to determine the path of a particle in the interferometer. In another, called phases, they attempt to determine which set of known phases have been applied to the different paths. The House determines which game is to be played by flipping a coin. We find a tight wave-particle duality relation that allows us to relate the probabilities of winning these games, and use it to find an upper bound on the probability of winning the combined game. This procedure allows us to express wave-particle duality in terms of discrimination probabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Article number050402
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2018


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