With the purpose of assessing the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, a poll was conducted amongst 9,380 students from seven Spanish Medical Schools and a Magistery School. Around 70% were tobacco smokers, the proportions being similar in both sexes and in the different polled centers. There were, however, important differences in relation to the mean number of cigarettes smoked (maximum 308 per month in Cadiz, minimum 172 per month in the Escuela de Sant Cugat, and in all cases, a significantly higher consumption in men). Mean alcohol consumption was also remarkably similar in most cases (between 600 and 650 g of absolute alcohol per month). Amphetamine stimulants were regularly used by only around 1%, while they were sporadically consumed by a high proportion of students, generally in relation to intensive studying prior to examinations. Noticeable differences were found in the consumption of cannabis derivatives: the proportions vary from 30.2% in Cadiz to 13.5% in Murcia, although approximately half of these are not usual smokers. Finally, regular or sporadic consumption of other drugs (hallucinogenic drugs, cocaine, opium derivatives, and solvents) was rather low, around 1-2%. When comparing the data with that obtained in previous polls, a remarkable increase in the consumption of cannabis derivatives is apparent (approximately three times more in 1978 than three of four years previously in the same millieu), while the level of consumption of other drugs remains stable. It is noticeable that, in spite of a great deal of information about the dangers of tobacco smoking, its consumption keeps being high among medical students in Spain, unlike what has happened in other countries, where tobacco smoking has significantly decreased among health professionals and medical students.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1980|