Double factor single shot to diminish complications in cryoballoon ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation

Ermengol Vallès, Begoña Benito, Jesús Jiménez, Sandra Cabrera, Oscar Alcalde, Carmen Altaba, Miguel Angel Guijo, Roger Fan, Julio Martí-Almor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Purpose: Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) has become a standard treatment for recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF). There is need for improved CBA protocols. We aimed to demonstrate that a new protocol including minimum temperature (minT) reached could reduce procedure times and complications. Methods: A new double factor protocol (DFP), based on the performance of one single shot per vein with variable duration, and conditional bonus shot, determined by time-to-effect (TTE) and minT, was compared with the conventional protocol (CP), with at least two shots per vein. Procedure parameters, complications, and efficacy were compared. Results: We prospectively included 88 consecutive patients treated with the DFP. These were compared to the previous consecutive 69 patients treated with CP. All procedures were performed with 28-mm second-generation balloon. Acute pulmonary vein (PV) isolation was similar (98.6% vs. 98.9% in CP vs. DFP, p = 0.687). Procedure and ablation times favored DFP over CP (120 vs. 134 min, p = 0.003; and 1051 vs. 1475 s, p < 0.001; respectively). A composite of major and minor complications was significantly reduced in the DFP compared to the CP (18.8% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.02; respectively). Within a follow-up of 18 months, freedom from AF was 79.7% in CP and 78.4% in DFP (Log-rank 0.501). Paroxysmal AF and absence of PV potentials predicted better arrhythmia outcomes (HR 2.14 for paroxysmal vs. persistent, p = 0.031; and HR 1.61 for absence vs. presence of PV potentials, p = 0.01). Conclusions: The novel DFP results in reduced complication rates and procedure times, with similar success rates compared with a conventional strategy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)17-26
    JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
    Volume55
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

    Keywords

    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Cryoballoon procedure
    • Optimized protocol

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