Does variation of the inter-domain linker sequence modulate the metal binding behaviour of helix pomatia cd-metallothionein?

Selene Gil-Moreno, Elena Jiménez-Martí, Òscar Palacios, Oliver Zerbe, Reinhard Dallinger, Mercè Capdevila, Sílvia Atrian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Snail metallothioneins (MTs) constitute an ideal model to study structure/function relationships in these metal-binding polypeptides. Helix pomatia harbours three MT isoforms: the highly specific CdMT and CuMT, and an unspecific Cd/CuMT, which represent paralogous proteins with extremely different metal binding preferences while sharing high sequence similarity. Preceding work allowed assessing that, although, the Cys residues are responsible for metal ion coordination, metal specificity or preference is achieved by diversification of the amino acids interspersed between them. The metal-specific MT polypeptides fold into unique, energetically-optimized complexes of defined metal content, when binding their cognate metal ions, while they produce a mixture of complexes, none of them representing a clear energy minimum, with non-cognate metal ions. Another critical, and so far mostly unexplored, region is the stretch linking the individual MT domains, each of which represents an independent metal cluster. In this work, we have designed and analyzed two HpCdMT constructs with substituted linker segments, and determined their coordination behavior when exposed to both cognate and non-cognate metal ions. Results unequivocally show that neither length nor composition of the inter-domain linker alter the features of the Zn(II)- and Cd(II)-complexes, but surprisingly that they influence their ability to bind Cu(I), the non-cognate metal ion.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Cd-isoform
  • Domain linker sequence
  • Helix pomatia
  • Metal binding
  • Metallothionein

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