Does capitalism enhance the labor share? A critique of Young and Lawson (2014)

Hector Sala, Pedro Trivín

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2015 SOCIETÁ EDITRICE IL MULINO. We reassess the evidence provided by Young and Lawson (2014) according to which the smaller is the degree of economic freedom, the lower is the labor share. Using dynamic panel data methods and yearly data, we show that the results from Young and Lawson (2014) are not robust, and question their claim that limiting a country's scope of government is associated with a larger labor share. We argue that a generic questio ning of government intervention is too rough to be informative and, rather than advocating for the minimization of government intervention, efforts should be devoted to identify the best possible institutional setting given the specificities of each country. This inquiry is beyond the scope of the analytical framework which, nevertheless, allows us to confirm the significant, robust, and heterogeneous impact of the capital-output ratio on the labor share. In this context, a salient finding is the increase in the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor in recent years in the non-OECD area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-298
JournalPolitica Economica
Volume30
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Capital-output ratio
  • Functional income distribution
  • Institutions (Degree of Economic Freedom Index)
  • Labor share

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