Do men with eating disorders differ from women in clinics, psychopathology and personality?

Araceli Núñez-Navarro, Zaida Agüera, Isabel Krug, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Isabel Sánchez, Noemí Araguz, Phillip Gorwood, Roser Granero, Eva Penelo, Andreas Karwautz, Laura Moragas, Sandra Saldaña, Janet Treasure, José Manuel Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine if male and female eating disorders differ in clinics, psychopathology and personality traits when compared with a healthy group. Methods Sixty male and 60 female eating disorder individuals (16% anorexia nervosa, 42% bulimia nervosa and 42% eating disorder not otherwise specified), matched for age and diagnostic, were compared with 120 healthy-eating participants (60 male and 60 female participants). All were diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Assessment measures included Eating Disorder Inventory-2, Symptom Checklist-Revised and Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, as well as other clinical and psychopathological indices. Results Male eating disorder participants reported significant lower laxative abuse (p = 0.020) and significant higher vomiting episodes (p = 0.019) than female eating disorder participants. Differences on drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction and some Symptom Checklist-Revised scales were found across genders in eating disorder participants. Male eating disorder participants scored significantly lower than female participants with eating disorders on harm avoidance, reward dependence and cooperativeness. Conclusions Although eating disorder clinical features were similar across genders, male eating disorder participants had less body image concern and general psychopathology than female eating disorder participants. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
JournalEuropean Eating Disorders Review
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • anorexia nervosa
  • bulimia nervosa
  • eating disorders
  • EDNOS
  • males

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