DNA Glycosylases Involved in Base Excision Repair May Be Associated with Cancer Risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers

Ana Osorio, Roger L. Milne, Karoline Kuchenbaecker, Tereza Vaclová, Guillermo Pita, Rosario Alonso, Paolo Peterlongo, Ignacio Blanco, Miguel de la Hoya, Mercedes Duran, Orland Díez, Teresa Ramón y Cajal, Irene Konstantopoulou, Cristina Martínez-Bouzas, Raquel Andrés Conejero, Penny Soucy, Lesley McGuffog, Daniel Barrowdale, Andrew Lee, Brita ArverJohanna Rantala, Niklas Loman, Hans Ehrencrona, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Mary S. Beattie, Susan M. Domchek, Katherine Nathanson, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Banu K. Arun, Beth Y. Karlan, Christine Walsh, Jenny Lester, Esther M. John, Alice S. Whittemore, Mary B. Daly, Melissa Southey, John Hopper, Mary B. Terry, Saundra S. Buys, Ramunas Janavicius, Cecilia M. Dorfling, Elizabeth J. van Rensburg, Linda Steele, Susan L. Neuhausen, Yuan Chun Ding, Thomas v.O. Hansen, Lars Jønson, Bent Ejlertsen, Anne Marie Gerdes, Mar Infante, Belén Herráez, Leticia Thais Moreno, Jeffrey N. Weitzel, Josef Herzog, Kisa Weeman, Siranoush Manoukian, Bernard Peissel, Daniela Zaffaroni, Giulietta Scuvera, Bernardo Bonanni, Frederique Mariette, Sara Volorio, Alessandra Viel, Liliana Varesco, Laura Papi, Laura Ottini, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Paolo Radice, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Judy Garber, Steve Ellis, Debra Frost, Radka Platte, Elena Fineberg, Gareth Evans, Fiona Lalloo, Louise Izatt, Ros Eeles, Julian Adlard, Rosemarie Davidson, Trevor Cole, Diana Eccles, Jackie Cook, Shirley Hodgson, Carole Brewer, Marc Tischkowitz, Fiona Douglas, Mary Porteous, Lucy Side, Lisa Walker, Patrick Morrison, Alan Donaldson, John Kennedy, Claire Foo, Andrew K. Godwin, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Kerstin Rhiem, Christoph Engel, Alfons Meindl

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    36 Citations (Scopus)


    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in the DNA Base Excision Repair (BER) pathway could be associated with cancer risk in carriers of mutations in the high-penetrance susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, given the relation of synthetic lethality that exists between one of the components of the BER pathway, PARP1 (poly ADP ribose polymerase), and both BRCA1 and BRCA2. In the present study, we have performed a comprehensive analysis of 18 genes involved in BER using a tagging SNP approach in a large series of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. 144 SNPs were analyzed in a two stage study involving 23,463 carriers from the CIMBA consortium (the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2). Eleven SNPs showed evidence of association with breast and/or ovarian cancer at p<0.05 in the combined analysis. Four of the five genes for which strongest evidence of association was observed were DNA glycosylases. The strongest evidence was for rs1466785 in the NEIL2 (endonuclease VIII-like 2) gene (HR: 1.09, 95% CI (1.03-1.16), p = 2.7×10-3) for association with breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers, and rs2304277 in the OGG1 (8-guanine DNA glycosylase) gene, with ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 mutation carriers (HR: 1.12 95%CI: 1.03-1.21, p = 4.8×10-3). DNA glycosylases involved in the first steps of the BER pathway may be associated with cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and should be more comprehensively studied. © 2014.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere1004256
    JournalPLoS Genetics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


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