Diverse Populations of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius Colonize the Skin of Healthy Dogs

Lluís Ferrer i Caubet, Olga Francino, Norma Fábregas, Daniel Pérez, Joaquim Viñes, Anna Cuscó, Lourdes Migura-Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a commensal bacterium of the canine skin but is also a key opportunistic pathogen that is responsible for most cases of pyoderma in dogs. The current paradigm indicates that infection arises when predisposing factors alter the healthy skin barrier. Despite their importance, the characteristics of the S. pseudintermedius populations colonizing the skin of healthy dogs are yet largely unknown. Here, we retrieved 67 complete circular genomes and 19 associated plasmids from S. pseudintermedius isolated from the skin of 9 healthy dogs via long-reads Nanopore sequencing. Within the S. pseudintermedius populations isolated from healthy skin, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) detected 10 different STs, distributed mainly by the host. 39% of the 18 representative genomes isolated herein were methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP), and they showed, on average, a higher number of antibiotic resistance genes and prophages than did the methicillin-sensitive (MSSP). In summary, our results revealed that the S. pseudintermedius populations inhabiting the skin of healthy dogs are relatively diverse and heterogeneous in terms of MLST and methicillin resistance. In this study, all of the 67 commensal S. pseudintermedius populations that were isolated from healthy dogs contained antibiotic resistance genes, indicating the extent and severity of the problem of antimicrobial resistance in staphylococci with zoonotic potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0339322
JournalMicrobiology spectrum
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • MLST
  • MRSP
  • Staphylococcus pseudintermedius
  • WGS
  • long-reads
  • pyoderma
  • skin

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